An Inclusive & Endearing Home

Singapore has one of the highest home ownership rate in the world, due to the commitment of our founding fathers since the very beginning of nation building. Today, there are more than 1 million HDB flats across the island, home to over 80% of Singapore's resident population. The schemes highlighted below help Singaporeans meet their housing needs at different life stages.

First-timer Families

Priority benefits

  • Majority of flat supply

    At least 95% of 4-room and larger BTO flats are set aside for First-Timer families, both in mature and non-mature estates.

  • Ballot chances
    First-timers are given 2 ballots, compared to 1 for second-timers. 

       First-Timer (Parents & Married Couples) [FT(PMC)]

  1. 3 ballot chances islandwide when FT(PMC) applicants apply for BTO flats, 1 more than other first-timer applicants.
  2. Qualify for the Family and Parenthood Priority Scheme (FPPS), where up to 40% of BTO and 60% of balance flats are set aside for eligible first-timer families, including FT(PMC) applicants.
  3. First priority for a 4-room or smaller BTO flat in non-mature estates, or across all Standard projects from the second half of 2024, under the Family and Parenthood Priority Scheme.


  • Singaporean family with at least one child aged 18 years and below, or married couple aged 40 and below
  • Never owned or sold a residential property, and
  • Did not have a chance to book a flat in the past 5 years


  • BTO Flats

New flats sold by HDB are priced at a significant discount to market. On top of this price discount, eligible first-timer families who buy a BTO flat can enjoy an Enhanced CPF Housing Grant (EHG) of up to $80,000.

Enhanced CPF Housing Grant (EHG) amount for first-timer households

You can refer to the table below for the EHG amount based on the corresponding average monthly household income. 

Average Monthly Household Income

EHG Amount

Not more than $1,500


$1,501 to $2,000


$2,001 to $2,500


$2,501 to $3,000


$3,001 to $3,500


$3,501 to $4,000


$4,001 to $4,500


$4,501 to $5,000


$5,001 to $5,500


$5,501 to $6,000


$6,001 to $6,500


$6,501 to $7,000


$7,001 to $7,500


$7,501 to $8,000


$8,001 to $8,500


$8,501 to $9,000


  • Resale flats
Those who prefer to move in quickly and/or have specific preferences on location may wish to buy a resale flat. First-timer families buying resale flats can enjoy up to $190,000 in housing grants, comprising:
  • EHG – up to $80,000 for BTO and resale flats
  • CPF Housing Grant - up to $80,000
    • 2- to 4-room resale flat:
      • SC+SC: $80,000
      • SC+SPR: $70,000
    • 5-room or bigger resale flat:
      • SC+SC: $50,000
      • SC+SPR: $40,000
  • Proximity Housing Grant (Families)
    • Live with parents - $30,000
    • Live within 4km from parents - $20,000

Find out more about the various schemes and grants here.

Second-timer Families

Second-timer families are those who have previously owned a subsidised flat. Besides existing homeowners, there are also second-timer families who are currently living in a rental flat. These families may have previously owned a flat, but encountered difficulties such as the loss of a loved one or unemployment, sold their flat, and are now staying in public rental housing. As second-timers, they find it harder to afford another HDB flat because they no longer qualify for housing grants, which are mostly given to first-timers. Many aspire to own a home again, to give themselves and their children a better future.

Homeowners who are applying for a second subsidised flat may receive the Step-Up CPF Housing Grant of $15,000, if they wish to upgrade from a 2-room subsidised flat in a non-mature estate to a 3-room flat in a non-mature estate.

Second-timer families who are rental tenants may also be apply for the Step-Up CPF Housing Grant if they buy a 2-room or 3-room flat in non-mature estates. Those with children may instead choose to apply for the Fresh Start Housing Scheme to buy a 2-room Flexi or 3-room short lease flat of their own, with the help of the Fresh Start Housing Grant of up to $50,000. These flats come with shorter leases, ranging from 45 to 65 years, to keep the price affordable. There is also a longer Minimum Occupation Period of 20 years, to ensure a stable home for the children.

Find out more about the Step-Up CPF Housing Grant here.

Find out more about the Fresh Start Housing Scheme here


Elderly citizens looking to right-size can apply for a 2-room Flexi flat, which allows them to enjoy the flexibility of choosing the length of lease of their flat based on their age, needs, and preferences, as long as the remaining lease can last them till at least age 95 years. The lease can range from 15 to 45 years, in 5-year increments.

Find out more about 2-Room Flexi Flats here. 

At least 40% of 2-room Flexi flats are reserved for elderly applicants, with half of this set aside under the Senior Priority Scheme (SPS). This scheme gives elderly citizens who wish to age-in-place in a familiar environment or live near their parents or married children priority in buying a 2-room Flexi flat.

Find out more about the various priority schemes here

Seniors who sell their current flat and buy a 3-room or smaller flat may consider taking up the Silver Housing Bonus (SHB). Under the SHB, seniors will receive a cash bonus of up to $30,000 when they top- up part of the proceeds they get from the housing transactions into their CPF Retirement Account.

Seniors who wish to monetise their flats to enhance their retirement funds while continuing to live in their homes can also take up the Lease Buyback Scheme (LBS). Under the LBS, eligible flat owners have the flexibility to choose the length of lease to retain, as long as the remaining lease can cover them till at least age 95. They can then sell the remaining flat lease to HDB. Seniors will have to top up part of the proceeds from the lease sale into their CPF Retirement Account, and join CPF LIFE to receive a monthly income stream for life.  

Find out more about the various monetisation options here.


Singles can buy a flat on your own under the Single Singapore Citizen Scheme (SSC), or with your single siblings, relatives or friends under the Joint Singles Scheme (JSS).

Eligibility conditions

  • Singapore Citizen (SC), or include at least 1 other co-applicant who is an SC
  • 35 years old or above 

Housing options

Singles may:

  • Apply for new 2-room Flexi flats in the non-mature estates, if you are a first-timer
    • Subject to $7,000 income ceiling
  • Buy a resale flat of any size except for 3Gen flats
    • No income ceiling

From 2H 2024 when the revised BTO classification is in place, Singles will have a wider range of housing options to live near your family for mutual care and support:

  • Apply for new 2-room BTO Flexi flats in all locations, across Standard, Plus as well as Prime projects, if you are a first-timer
    • Subject to $7,000 income ceiling
  • Buy an existing, Standard or Plus resale flat of any size, except for 3Gen flats
    • No income ceiling for existing and Standard resale flats
    • Subject to $14,000 income ceiling for Plus resale flats
  • Buy a 2-room resale Prime flat
    • Subject to $7,000 income ceiling

Housing grants for SSC

Under the SSC, first-timer singles can enjoy an EHG (Singles) of up to $40,000 when you buy a new flat from HDB, and up to $95,000 in housing grants when you buy a resale flat.

  • Enhanced CPF Housing Grant
    • BTO or resale flat – up to $40,000
  • CPF Housing Grant for Resale Flats
    • 2- to 4-room resale flat – $40,000
    • 5-room flat - $25,000
  • Proximity Housing Grant (Singles)
    • Live with parents or child - $15,000
    • Live within 4km from parents or child - $10,000

Find out more about the SSC here.

Housing grants for JSS

With the JSS, eligible buyers may be eligible for these grants:  

  • Enhanced CPF Housing Grant
    • BTO or resale flat – up to $80,000
  • CPF Housing Grant for Resale Flats
    • 2- to 4-room resale flat – $80,000
    • 5-room or bigger resale flat - $50,000
  • Proximity Housing Grant (Singles)*
    • Live with parents or child – up to $30,000  
    • Live within 4km from parents or childup to $20,000

    *Joint single applicants must be staying with/near parents of at least 2 applicants to be eligible.

Find out more about the JSS here. 

Priority Schemes

Support of Marriage and Parenthood

Applicants with children or planning to stay close to their parents can take advantage of HDB’s various priority schemes.

For instance, married couples who are expecting a child or already have children can apply for the Parenthood Priority Scheme (PPS) or the Third Child Priority Scheme (TCPS). The PPS gives priority to first-timer married couples who are expecting or have children younger than 16 years old, by setting aside up to 30 per cent of the BTO flat supply for these families. Besides the PPS, families with three or more children will enjoy priority under the TCPS, where HDB sets aside up to 5 per cent of the flat supply.  

Promote Mutual Care and Support

Another scheme is the Married Child Priority Scheme, applicable for married children who wish to live together or close to their parents for mutual care and support. Under this scheme, up to 30 per cent and 15 per cent of the BTO/SBF flat supply is set aside for first-timer and second-timer applicants, respectively. In addition, those who apply for a new pair of flats with their parents in the same BTO project can enjoy priority under the Multi-Generation Priority Scheme. 

Help Low Income and Vulnerable Families

Some families may need help accessing a flat more quickly, following major life changes such as divorce or demise of family member. Under the Assistance Scheme for Second-Timers (Divorced/Widowed Parents) (ASSIST), second-timers with children aged 18 and below will get priority if they apply for a 2-room or 3-room BTO flat in the non-mature estates. When purchasing a flat, a divorcee with sole care and control of a child has the same housing access as married households.

Unwed parents aged 21 and above can be allowed to buy a 3-room flat in non-mature estates or a resale flat with their child on a case-by-case basis. Those who cannot afford to buy any flat will be considered for public rental flat. Unwed parents who wish to purchase or rent a flat should approach HDB directly with their request.

Public rental families who are ready for homeownership can also benefit from the Tenants’ Priority Scheme (TPS), which sets aside up to 10 per cent of the 2-room Flexi and 3-room BTO and SBF flat supply. 

Find out more about the various priority schemes here.

Rental Schemes

Providing temporary accommodation for Singaporeans

The Public Rental Scheme helps low-income Singaporean households who are unable to afford a homeownership flat and do not have family support with a 1 or 2-room public rental flat for as low as $26 per month. To ensure that public rental flats cater to those without other housing options, households are assessed on a needs-basis at the point of application and tenancy renewals.

Majority of families with more than two persons are renting 2-room public rental flats. Single persons who are unable to form a family nucleus may apply with another eligible single under the Joint Singles Scheme to rent a 1-room public rental flat. To enhance privacy, HDB offers flats with partitions to JSS households and where feasible, HDB will also install partitions in-situ upon request.

First-timer families who are awaiting completion of their booked flats may rent a 3 or 4-room flat under the Parenthood Provisional Housing Scheme (PPHS) at subsidised rents.

Find out more about the various rental schemes here.